Mount Vernon Northwestern Washington Research and Extension Center

Small Fruit Horticulture Research & Extension Program

Red Raspberry

Red Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) is a perennial crop from the Rose family.  Washington is a national leader in production and is responsible for approximately 95% of processed red raspberry production.  Aggregate fruits (“berries”) develop on biennial canes that arise from a  perennial root system.  Canes are vegetative during their first year of growth and are referred to as primocanes.  Primocanes develop flower/fruit buds that overwinter and produce a crop the subsequent season.  These overwintered flowering/fruiting canes are referred to as floricanes.  After harvest, floricanes are removed and the next cycle of primocanes are selected for production.  Some types of raspberries produce a crop on primocanes and are referred to as fall-bearing or primocane-fruiting raspberries.  The majority of production in Washington state and within the Pacific Northwest is from summer-bearing or floricane-fruiting raspberries.


NEW TOOL – Enterprise Budgets for Washington Red Raspberry!  Below is the link to the revised red raspberry enterprise budgets by S. Galinato and L.W. DeVetter (2016).  Many thanks to the grower and industry cooperators that helped produce and validate the data in this guide.

2015 Cost Estimates of Establishing and Producing Red Raspberries in Washington State

Production Overview


Site Preparation & Establishment

Plant Maintenance

Small Fruit Horticulture Research & Extension Program , WSU Mount Vernon NWREC, 16650 State Route 536, Mount Vernon, WA 98273-4768 USA, 360-848-6120, FAX 360-848-6159
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